Bangla: Alphabet

Consonants

Unvoiced
 
Voiced


Unaspirated

Aspirated

Unaspirated

Aspirated










Gutterals

KAW


KHAW


GAW


GHAW

O[nasal]AW









Palatals

CHAW


CHCHAW


Borgio JAW


JHAW

E[nasal]AW









Retroflex

TAW


THAW


DAW


DHAW

Mordhonno NAW









Dentals

TAW


THAW


DAW


DHAW

Danto NAW









Labials

PAW


PHAW


BAW


BHAW

MAW









Semivowels

Antostho JAW


RAW


LAW



Talobbo SHAW









Silibants

Mordhonno SHAW


Donto SHAW


HAW


Dae Shoono RAW

Dhae Shoono RAW









Additional

Antostho AW


Khando TAW


Onooshshawr


Bishargo

Chandro Bindoo



Vowels





AW

A

I
Hrashho E

EE
Deergho E





U
Hrashho O

OO
Deergho O

REE






E

OY

O

OU


Miscellaneous Signs
Symbol
Name
Usage

Hasanta
If placed below a consonant, it indicates that the inherent vowel /aw/ must not be pronounced.

Reph
When the /raw/ sound is the first of two consonants joined together, it is written above the second consonant and called a reph.  It resembles an accent aigu or acute accent mark.  For example, the combination at left would produce a /tr/ sound.


(Raphala)
When the /raw/ sound is the second of two consonants joined together, it is written below the other consonant, as a squiggly line.


(Japhala)
/jaw/ as the second consonant in a combined word is written as a Japhala.  It loses the /jaw/ sound and has the effect of doubling the letter with which it is combined.  When placed at the end of a word, the intrinsic vowel /aw/ is pronounced at the end of the word.


(Baphala)
/baw/ as the second consonant in a combined letter is usually written underneath and called Baphala.  It loses its sound and has the effect of making the pronunciation of the letter with which it is combined more emphatic.


(Maphala)
When /maw/ as the second letter is combined with another consonant, it has the effect of producing a nasal sound.

Bangla